Brain mechanisms of reality monitoring

Simons, J.S., Garrison, J.R., & Johnson, M.K. (2017). Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 21, 462-473.

Reality monitoring processes are necessary for discriminating between internally-generated information and information that originated in the outside world. They help us identify our thoughts, feelings, and imaginations, and distinguish them from events we may have experienced or been told about by someone else. Reality monitoring errors range from confusions between real and imagined experiences that are byproducts of normal cognition, to symptoms of mental illness such as hallucinations. Recent advances support an emerging neurocognitive characterization of reality monitoring that provides insights into its underlying operating principles and neural mechanisms, the differing ways in which impairment may occur in health and disease, and the potential for rehabilitation strategies to be devised that might help those who experience clinically-significant reality monitoring disruption.